Index of Embedded Networks in the Sphere

Partition of 8-2 type network


In this paper, we will compute the Morse index and nullity for the stationary embedded networks in spheres. The key theorem in the computation is the index (and nullity) for the whole network is related to the index (and nullity) of small networks and the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map defined in this paper. Finally, we will show that for all stationary triple junction networks in $\mathbb{S}^2$, there is only one eigenvalue (without multiplicity) $-1$ which is less than 0 and the corresponding eigenfunctions are locally constant. Besides, the multiplicity of eigenvalues 0 is 3 for these networks and their eigenfunctions are generated by the rotations on the sphere.

Submitted. arXiv:2110.12653, 2021
Gaoming Wang
Gaoming Wang

My research interests include Geometric Analysis and Partial Differential Equations.